Situated in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh in close proximity to confluence of the Ganges and Gomti River is a city known as Sarnath or Isipatana. This is the city in which Gautama Buddha first taught Dharma. It is also a city in which the Buddhist Sangha was first established via the enlightenment of a Buddhist monk named “Kondanna”. Important travel information about this city possessing “religious significance” is as follows.
a. Best time to visit Sarnath:
The ideal time to visit this sacred city is during the winter months of October to March when, the temperature ranges from a maximum of 15 degree Celsius to a minimum of 3 degree Celsius.
b. How to reach Sarnath?
1. By train:
This holy city possesses its own railway station. The Sarnath Railway is well connected to major cities such as Bhopal, Bangalore, Mumbai, Amritsar, Mathura etc.
2. By road:
There are number bus services available from Varanasi that connects to major cities in the country. Taxi or rickshaw service from Varanasi could be used to travel to Sarnath.
3. By air:
The nearest airport to Sarnath is located in Varanasi. The Varanasi Airport is well connected to major cities such as Mumbai, Lucknow, Delhi etc.
c. Religious significance:
This city is renowned for being the site where Gautama Buddha the founder of Buddhism first taught the “Dharma”. This famous site is now a deer park. It is within this deer park that that a huge “Dhamek Stupa” that was constructed by the great Emperor Ashoka in 249 BC. It was also the site in which Buddha taught the “four noble truths” as soon as he received enlightenment. These initial teachings of Buddhism were then recorded in a form of text known as “Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta”. Additionally, according to a myth it was in this city that Buddha initiated a rule prohibiting the use of certain kind of flesh including human flesh.
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