“The city of Temples” is the sobriquet given to a city in Madhya Pradesh known as Ujjain. This city is considered to be the largest city in the Ujjain district. It is located on the bank of the Kshipra River and, is an important pilgrimage center for Shaivites and Vaishnavites. It has also been selected by the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi in the program to develop cities into smart cities called “Smart Cities Mission”. Important travel information related to this city is as follows.
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a. Best time to visit Ujjain:
The ideal time to visit this city is in between October to March when the climate is pleasant which, is reflected in the temperature which ranges from a maximum of 20 degree Celsius to a minimum of 3 degree Celsius.
b. How to reach Ujjain?
1. By train:
Ujjain has its own railway station. The Ujjain Railway Station is well connected to major cities in the country.
2. By road:
There are a number of bus services from Ujjain that connects it to major cities in the country such as Delhi, Jaipur, Mumbai, Pune etc.
3. By air:
The nearest airport to this city is located in Indore. The Indore Airport is well connected to major cities in the country such as Mumbai, Kolkata, Bhopal etc.
c. Religious significance:
A popular myth states that it was in this city that Lord Shiva defeated a demon called Tripura. According to the Mahabharta and the Puranas i.e. Skand purana this city is about 3000 years old. During the 6th century BC under the rule of Chand Pradyot Buddhism was found to be spreading rapidly in the Malwa region of which Ujjain was then its capital. It was then followed by Jainism which flourished during the regime of Samprati. Apart from possessing religious significance this city was also an important trade route and, as a result the whole country i.e. north, south, east, and west was joined together via this route.